BED BUGS are small, brownish, flattened insects that feed solely on animal or human blood. The scientific name of bed bug is Cimex lectularius and it belongs to order Hemiptera. It is cosmopolitan pest usually found in human habitation. Body length of a beg bug is ¼ inch; rusty red to brown in colour, adults are oval in shape with flattened body. Female lays near about 500 eggs in lifetime and can complete development in as little as a month producing three or more generations in a year. Nymphs can survive months without feeding and the adults more than a year. Bed bugs are active during nighttime. During daytime they prefer to hide in the places where people rest. Hiding places of bed bugs are cracks and crevices in the walls, beds and furniture and also along the folds of mattresses and gaps in plywood.
Bed bugs infestation is often picked up from cinema theaters, hospitals, hotels and public transport. Sleepless nights with constant irritation due to injection of the minute doses of bed bug saliva into the blood likely contribute to the ill-health of children and even adults. Bedbugs are efficient hitchhikers and are usually transported on luggage, clothing, beds and furniture brought into the homes.
Management of Bed bugs is very difficult job, which requires thorough treatment of the premises. Treatment includes thorough spray of pesticides in water base form. Pesticide is sprayed on all bedding material, mattress, pillows, beds, walls, curtains etc. There are two major services in the period of fifteen days and the validity of the contract is for 45 days only